The discovery of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) during the 1980s gave researchers a new perspective on the compounds in hemp and marijuana identified 40 years earlier. And one of the new perspectives is how these compounds interact with the human body. Then, what are phytocannabinoids.
Phytocannabinoids: (Phyto) – To Plants Is The Name Given To These Compounds
More than 80 phytocannabinoids have been identified in marijuana and hemp. The psychoactive phytocannabinoid in marijuana known as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) represents only one of many phytocannabinoids studied for their health benefits.
More and more science is learning about the effects of ECS in supporting brain health, enhancing immune function, maintaining a healthy inflammatory response, and promoting health, fertility, bone health, etc. There is now more interest in finding phytocannabinoids in nature and studying how they affect human health.
Due to this interest, phytocannabinoids have now been identified in many plants outside the Cannabis species. Examples are plants such as cloves, black pepper, echinacea, broccoli, ginseng, and carrots.
Most people have heard of cannabidiol (CBD), but this is just one of the many components in hemp that interacts with ECS.
Two other phytocannabinoids include:
CBC research began in the 1980s when it was found that it would act on the normal inflammatory response in mice. Recently CBC has been shown to improve brain health, skin health, and maintain normal movement in the digestive system.
CBG research focuses on how it supports nervous system health. CBG has many jobs at ECS. This includes inhibiting anandamide re-uptake. It’s still unknown, but CBG may provide support for immune function, skin health, and being in a good mood. And CBG is found in much higher levels in industrial hemp than cannabis.
Information and knowledge about the endocannabinoid system are growing rapidly. Science and scientists are continuing their research to find more phytocannabinoids in food/plants that will benefit human health.